Curriculum Is More Important Than Learning Technology

lgepr-fiCurriculum Is More Important Than Learning Technology

by Grant Wiggins, Ed.D, Authentic Education

Here’s a stunner from the weekend New York Times, in a front-page article, no less: “schools are spending billions on technology, even as they lay off teachers, with little proof that this approach is improving basic learning.” I’m shocked, shocked!

Who in their right mind thinks that spending $5000 per classroom on a whiteboard is going to improve student achievement? It has been an endless parade of technological snake oil in my lifetime: TV! Filmstrips! LCD projectors and powerpoint! Videodiscs! Hyperdecks! Cable TV! Graphic calculators! The Internet!

These are merely tools, grafted onto a system that doesn’t know what to do with it. Why would these tools make any more difference in deeper learning than moving from pencils to ball point pens or from print books to e-books? I have seen countless lessons using whiteboards and the whole thing is utterly superficial – and unnecessary. It merely replicates low-level lessons using bits and bytes instead of chalk. Look, I love my iPad and I have been a techie and early adopter of technology all my life (remember surround-sound amps and speakers? IBM Selectrics? Had ‘em.), but how will increasing the amount of hardware, software, and information available in and of themselves improve thoughtful and effective learning?

In fact, the overwhelming amount of information now available will surely impede learning for many students in the absence of good teaching grounded in good curriculum. We see this already in the crazy viral urban myths flowing daily through the Internet, and in the breakdown of trustworthy media sources for serious news that leads to people hearing only what they want to hear politically.

Tools don’t drive education; changes in schooling call forth new worthy tools. A good example is the move to modular furniture: it only happened when the pedagogy demanded it, not before. Until and unless we rethink from the ground up what an effective and engaging curriculum is and therefore what kinds of instruction and tools best support it, no cool new tool invented by outsiders to schools will likely make a dent in our medieval model of learning. That won’t stop salespeople from well-heeled companies from making outlandish promises but the problem is not enough caveat emptor: why people buy this stuff puzzles and depresses me.

It’s all about the Mission and curriculum. Here’s a sobering reminder from one expert of what is really needed in a technological society, i.e. an education devoted to critical inquiry and evaluation, not just more information:

“The technology of tomorrow requires not millions of lightly-lettered [adults], ready to work in unison at endlessly repetitious jobs,… but [people] who can make critical judgments, who can weave their way through novel environments, who are quick to spot new relationships in the rapidly changing reality. It requires men who, in C. P. Snow’s compelling term, ‘have the future in their bones’.

“The present curriculum and its divisions into airtight compartments is not based on any well thought out conception of contemporary human needs. Still less is it based on any grasp of the future, any understanding of what skills Johnny will require to live in the hurricane’s eye of change. It is based on inertia — and a bloody clash of academic guilds, each bent on aggrandizing its budget, pay scales and status.”

“As for curriculum… instead of assuming that every subject taught today is taught for a reason, should begin from the reverse premise: nothing should be included in the required curriculum unless it can be strongly justified in terms of the future…tens of millions of children today are forced by law to spend precious hours of their lives grinding away at material whose future utility is highly questionable. Anyone who thinks the present curriculum makes sense is invited to explain to an intelligent 14-year-old why algebra or French or any other subject is essential for him. Adult answers are almost always evasive. The reason is simple: the present curriculum is a mindless holdover from the past.”

Who said this? Alvin Toffler, in Future Shock, 40 years ago. The argument is even more compelling today.

This post first appeared on Grant’s personal blogfollow Grant on twitter; image attribution flickr user legpr; Curriculum Is More Important Than Learning Technology


  • I don’t believe that we can compare the two. Tech is a tool that makes learning more accessible to so many when used well. Curriculum is the program that tech is integrated into. By making a comparison it seems like the two have the same role, which they don’t.

    I agree that learning design is the key–quality learning experiences with and without tech dependent upon the focus are essential. We want to nurture children to be critical thinkers, communicators, creators, and collaborators–we want our children to grow with the confidence and ability to make good lives for themselves and others, and that confidence is reliant upon an education that provides a foundation of essential skill, knowledge, and concept in engaging ways.

    Spending multiple dollars on tech tools just for the sake of buying them is not wise. The Smart boards in most cases are now outdated since they serve a teacher better than a student and replicate the “sage on the stage” teaching style, while laptops, smart phones, and tablets have the potential of opening up the world of learning in multiple, engaging ways.

  • I think comparing the value of teachers and technology is a slippery slope, a red herring. Obviously teachers are paramount. But would you ask whether teachers are more important than air conditioning or heating? Would you ask if they are more important than libraries? Too much can be spent on facilities or technology but both are meant to support teachers and learners.

  • I have a second reaction to this article. It ends with: “the present curriculum is a mindless holdover from the past.” I personally think that this is a core problem in education, what’s the mission and how does curriculum support it? It’s hard to teach kids when common sense says that much of what they are learning is neither of interest or use to them. Watching kids trying to memorize dates and sequences from ancient civ is just painful. The article raises some good questions but it saves that doozy about curriculum for the end.

  • Personally, I hate the word curriculum. It refers to the grade level “date stamped” prescription of learning knowledge that a group of students should have mastered. What about having “student created curriculum” that allows for personalization of instruction. Students would have assigned skills and tasks individually or as a group could create a “curriculum” based on projects and themes that interest them to demonstrate the skills and tasks. Teacher would act as guides to help students master the skills and tasks. The advancement of the technology tools allow for this but if schools and districts continue thinking in terms of curriculum, then education will never progress.

  • Great perspective on technology and the curriculum. Personally, I think the technology should complement a good curriculum, but remain personalized to the student with the use of adaptive technology. We are discussing the topic of what makes a good online course with Dr. Mills of Harvard University at The latest article relates to adaptive learning technology. We would welcome your feedback.

  • i was totally with you on the technology issue, but not the curriculum part. your complaints about curriculum are the ones that people believe technology is somehow going to fix…

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