by Terry Heick
The world is swirling in winds of digital code.
The humanities provide a kind of embedded moral code that force us to confront our own habits, trends, and notions of recreation. In an age of shifts and fluidity, this is definitely a “thing.” Within the immense gravity of Google, Apple, and data mobility, the shift away from the humanities is accelerating. According to the New York Times, Stanford University has 45% of its staff in its Humanities department, but only 15% of its students. At Harvard, there has been a 20% decline in humanities majors in the last ten years.
That’s a lot. Who cares?
If literature provides a kind of shared framework for what people are “for” and how we might act and what we should tend towards or resist, it is not a huge leap to believe that without humanities, we are then redefining what it means to be human in the absence of the kind of sustained, millenia-long reflection the humanities represent.
This should make us at the very least uncomfortable.
Humanities: The Things That Linger
Let’s define the humanities as “the study of ourselves through our collective human expression.”
In education, these expressions—what makes each one of us unique, expressive, and capable of giving and receiving love are curiously gathered under a single content area—“humanities.” Practices here include literature, art, design, music, and philosophy—activities that elevate our lives beyond mere survival.
It’s easy to spot right away, however, that the “non-humanities”—science, technology, engineering, and math—also have roles to play in the humanities. We don’t stop being human because we test theories or require data or perform calculations, nor are these “industries” any less human than writing poetry or composing music.
The humanities then, provide extraordinarily diverse modeling of human trials, failures, humility, and triumph. Ezra Pound’s “Literature is news that stays news” is a useful line. Out of the billions of episodes of published media, the things that linger—for whatever reason—tend to be useful, like a trail of bread crumbs back to ourselves.
Humanities as a term has become opaque and abstract, which can be seen in how casually we treat it in education (see the Common Core Standards). The artificial categorizing of the universe into narrow sects of knowledge (narrowed further by standards) is partly to blame here, which is another article altogether. For now, let’s define the role of the humanities. What should they “do”?
What Should The Humanities Do?
In a digital age of connectivity, data, and access, at first glance the purpose is not much different than it has ever been. More than anything else, the humanities provide for us with a shared moral and cultural memory.
Mark Twain provides an archetype for the wildness of childhood, while leaving a picture of slavery and the moral impossibilities it brought with it.
Flannery O’Connor’s work to make sense of Southern American “traditions,” or Shakespeare’s struggle with the overlapping consequences of action and inaction act as a kind of echo, or endlessly looping gif animation that acts as a cautionary tale. Closely studied, these “memories” can lead to self-knowledge and inform morality and ethics while promoting affection, faith in one another, and compassion.
What is worth understanding?
What should I accept, what should I question, and what should I resist?
What system of ethics do I use, where does it come from, and how does it change?
What are “people for”?
In short, we learn what it means to be human. Is this not even more immediate and useful in an era where every digital discovery is an “opportunity” for substance or distraction?
When students are too quick to Google without fully understanding what exactly they’re looking for and why?
The Fallacy of Career Readiness
As a system preoccupied with endless assessment, data, utility, research, and “career readiness,” Education has become incapable of using abstraction to understand. Death of a Salesman, The Scream, Oedipus, King Lear, Chopin, et. al, all provide models of morality, rebellion, self-criticism, and propriety, but these ideas are all package in forms and structures alien to many modern readers.
Students accustomed to actuating learning through YouTube channels and learning simulations and mobile apps may naturally resist the “dwell-time” necessary to distill the patterns embedded in the humanities. And even those students naturally interested or disciplined enough to try will often hear these pursuits discredited by those asking if such knowledge will lead to “a job,” missing the fact that it should illuminate the kind of work and “jobs” worth having.
In modern education systems, we are more interested in helping students process endless streams of often useless data—which seems practical until we measure that practicality by what it fails to do—i.e., help a student understand their own citizenships, legacies, gifts, and opportunities for meaningful actions and relationships in their own community.
In this way, education is proving both flexible and unstable.
The humanities are interested in what is uniquely possible in each one of us, suggesting the work we might do, and the place we might do it in. How one can be ready for a career without being able to answer these kinds of questions isn’t clear.
The ultimate distinction here then is one of affection and needs. Technology needs the humanities more than the reverse is true. By bridling technology’s reckless ambition, the humanities can let us prove—to ourselves—that we are not confused about what we are becoming.
Google Search Results 46 Pages Long
Another way to contextualize this age of information is as an age preceding one of wisdom or true community. Information has always existed. It now comes oddly packaged and fragmented and almost always out of context, search results 46 pages long.
Properly applied humanities, then, provides that context.
They can make information whole again, causing impatient would-be Googler’s to sit on their thinking just a bit longer.
To refine their questions.
To search for people and communities and primary source documents rather than the misleading and superficial distillations that Google all too often retrieves because it’s just a search algorithm and it doesn’t “know” anything.
Mastering technology requires us to know what we need, the kinds of questions we should ask, the kind of work we are called to do, and the demands placed on our own humanity by those around us.
This is why we need to teach the humanities.
Adapted image attribution flickr user flickeringbrad; Why We Need The Humanities In A Google World